Top 10 Toughest Languages to Learn

Top 10 Toughest Languages to Learn

It is a very common question of people, “Which is the toughest language to be taught?” Answer to this question may vary from person to person, as a person living in China may not find Chinese as a tough language, rather a Chinese person can find Japanese as the toughest. But a language can be analyzed as a toughest one on the basis of its intricate vocabulary, non-phonetic representation or complicated grammatical conventions. By and large it is approved that some languages are toughest to be trained than the other regular languages. A main factor making a language tough is that the language follows a coherent prototype in its grammar or not, for example English has some rules where as Arabic doesn’t. However this article can help you to decide which language among the top 10 toughest languages in the world, is difficult for you to learn.


10). Basque


It is the inherited language of the Basque people, who basically are located in Basque Country (a region straddling in southwestern France and northeastern Spain. Almost twenty seven percent of the Basques use this language as a medium of communication. This language has twenty four cases, and it is quite impossible to link this language with any of the In-do-European language. It is considered to be the oldest known tongue of Europe. This language is also termed as an agglutinative one, because it uses prefixes, suffixes and infixes to frame new words, and because of this reason new words are recurrently formed by adding some common tags. Basque language not only changes the ending of the verb, but the beginning is also changed. It also makes use of case endings to signify any relationships in the words. In this complex language the subject, indirect and direct objects all are jam-packed into the verb only.

9). Icelandic


It is an In-do-European language, which belongs to the North Germanic branch of the Germanic tongue. Because of its multifarious grammar and archaic terminology it is very hard to learn. A single way to learn is by listening to the resident speakers or to the recordings. This language has the old verb conjugations and the noun declension and as a result many of the Icelandic words cannot be translated easily.

8). Estonian


Having 12 different cases in the grammatical system makes it a tough language, a case means when a word provides a sense according to its use in the sentence. Also this language has many exceptions in its grammar regulations, and many words provide many different meanings. Estonian also has some distinct rules for use of impersonal subjects, some meticulous word forms are to be used when such subjects execute any action.

7). Polish


Polish is the language based on seven cases and consists of exceptions more than the rules. A person learning Polish has to cram the exceptions more than the rules. Also learning polish cases is quite difficult and the learner needs more efforts and time to be trained in a good manner. The cases of Polish language doesn’t have any pattern in rules unlike the German language, also the pronunciation of the language must be clear, so that a polish person can understand what a person is trying to say. Alphabets of the Polish language are the main hurdles in learning Polish.

6). Russian


Vocabulary of the Russian language makes it tough for the learners. There are different ways of word formation in this language. Addition of a suffix or prefix to any word makes it a different sensing word. Russian has two different sets of consonants, the palatalized and plain. These two kinds are distinct because of the stressing phenomenon of certain sounds in a word. This complex type of distinction also makes it quite difficult to learn.

5). Finnish


This language is based on the sounds of the letters, and this concept makes it highly phonological tongue. The formation of a word in this language also depends on the sound of the alphabets. The vowels of the language are also divided in two classes, and according to the rules of the Finnish language system a word can only contain the vowels from a single class. The sounds of the consonants also effect the word formation, making it difficult to learn.

4). Hungarian


Hungarian has thirty five noun forms and this feature of the language makes it to stand in the list. This language is totally occupied by expressive idiomatic terms and suffixes. T his language is highly expressive, and quite hard to speak as the vowels have deep sounds. Efforts are required to maintain the learned language and to learn the new forms. This language is not linked to any of the base language; an no one knows about the origin of the tongue and hence is termed as “independent language”. Hungarian also depends on prefixes and suffixes to describe the meanings and it does not differentiate between the genders.

3). Japanese


The way of writing and speaking the Japanese is totally different, and this feature makes it a tough language to learn. Therefore, a person cannot learn to read it by learning to speak, and vice versa. A Japanese learner has to memorize many thousands of characters and needs to master 3 diverse writing systems. Writing Japanese is also based on two syllabary systems: hiragana and the katakana. Hiragana is for placing the emphasis and the hiragana is for the grammatical elements.

2). Chinese


Understanding of Chinese characters is quite difficult, as a minute difference in the stroke signify a variation in its characters. It also comprise of four tones which differs to some extent in the pronunciation and pitch. This language also contains some words which have the same phonetic reverberation but can have a complete dissimilar meaning. It is a language based on tones, that is the meaning of the word changes as the tones. The main hurdle in learning the language is thousands of characters and the intricate writing pattern.

1). Arabic


Main challenge in learning this language is its script. Many letters of this language have 4 diverse forms; this classification depends on the position of the letter in the word. One another feature is that vowels are not in-corp-orated in writing. The phonetics and the word formation is the main hurdle in learning Arabic. In this language, the verb customarily comes up before the object and subject. The numbers of the language are dual; as a result the nouns and the verbs are to be learned in dual, singular and plural forms. Present tense verb of the language has 13 forms. Another obstacle in learning the language is the parlances, which are the Arabic spoken in Egypt is poles apart from Arabic spoken in Morocco. Grammar rules for learning the language are quite tougher.

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